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Mizoram is highest at 2.04%, followed by Manipur at 1.43%
Morung Express News
Dimapur | September 14
At 2.04%, Mizoram had the highest adult HIV prevalence in the country, followed by Manipur at 1.43% and Nagaland at 1.15%, revealed a report released by the National AIDS Control Organisation (NACO) titled HIV Estimations 2017 on September 14. Lowest adult HIV prevalence was in Jammu & Kashmir.
The HIV Estimations 2017 is the 14th round in the series of HIV Estimations under National AIDS Control Programme (NACP). NACO undertakes HIV estimations biennially in collaboration with the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) – National Institute of Medical Statistics (NIMS). The first round of HIV estimation in India was done in 1998, while the last round was done in 2015.
Telangana [0.70%], Andhra Pradesh [0.63%], Karnataka [0.47%], Goa [0.42%], Maharashtra [0.33%] and Delhi [0.30%] were other States/UT with adult HIV prevalence higher than the national average.
HIV incidence per 1000 uninfected population in 2017 was highest in Mizoram (1.32) followed by Nagaland (0.59) and Manipur (0.58). Telangana, Chandigarh, Delhi, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Daman & Diu and Puducherry had HIV incidence per 1000 uninfected population in the range of 0.11-0.26.
Haryana, West Bengal, Bihar, Karnataka, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh, Meghalaya, Odisha, Arunachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Tripura had HIV incidence per 1000 uninfected population in the range of 0.05-0.09. All the other States/UTs had HIV incidence per 1000 uninfected population less than 0.05.
While the new infections are declining nationally, there are inter-State variations. In five States, viz. Arunachal Pradesh (65%), Assam (37%), Mizoram (18%), Meghalaya (10%) and Uttarakhand (4%), new infections increased in 2017 in comparison to 2010. In the remaining States/UT, new infections are declining. However, there were variations in the level of decline. In the States/UT of Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Jammu & Kashmir, Manipur, and Nagaland, the decline has been 10% or less.
Strategic focus on the States of Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland and Telangana is also important for the prevention programme as their HIV incidence rate is almost four times higher than the national average, the report stated. While the high HIV incidence rate in North-eastern States does not have a major impact on India’s total new infections, it does have a significant bearing on prevalence rates in this region of the country.
Maharashtra has the highest number of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in India which is around 3.30 lakh, contributing 15 per cent of total immunodeficiency virus-affected people in the country which is 21.40 lakh. Nationally, around 69.11 thousand PLHIV died of AIDS-related causes in 2017.
The objective of HIV Estimations is to provide updated information on the status of HIV epidemic in India at national and State/UT level.
Estimations of adult HIV prevalence, annual new infections (HIV incidence), AIDS-related mortality and prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) needs are produced as outcomes of HIV estimations.
The modelled estimates are needed because there is no direct reliable way of measuring these core indicators which are used to track the epidemic and monitor and evaluate the response in countries around the world.~MExN