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*Celebrating an ugly past is unbecoming of people who follow Jesus Christ – the prince of peace. It is just the opposite of charity for all and malice towards none. Naga-Kuki clash in the early nineties would be very unpleasant and obnoxious for any sensible person. The conflicts were blatant displays of satanic influence overpowering the Christian faith of both sides.*

*If I may quote Rev. Adeyeimo of Africa:* _*"The conflicts proved that our Christianity then was only one inch deep though a kilometer long. A lot of good and holy professings on the mouth but the hands were hell-bent for crimes."*_

“Kuki nationalist imagination” inextricably remains entrapped in the perception of the colonial tutelage. McCulloch’s policy of planting “Kuki settlements on exposed frontiers” still informs the idea of “Kuki nationalist consciousness”. Historical accounts perhaps reveal that the whole history of Kuki consciousness ischaracterised by the conspicuous absence of even a plausible “nationalist imagination”.

A colonial fault still haunts Manipur. The apparition of ethnic Kuki aggression re-looms large as the Kukis arouse in bizarre excitement targeting the Tangkhul Nagas on 13th September, 2018 with the erection of three dehumanising monoliths on the grounds of Kuki Inpi, Churachandpur, carrying a hate-propagandist inscription, “25th Anniversary of Kuki Genocide by Tangkhul-Led NSCN (IM)”.

Once in an academic discussion in Jawaharlal Nehru University, a noted historian from the northeast stated that the Kukis and the Nagas are traditional enemy, this was resented by some young Naga scholars and make the historian to retract his statement.  It is true that despite the history of the Naga-Kuki relationship was marked by mistrust and suspicion, the enmity between the Nagas and the Kukis are not older than the colonial period.

In the colonial writings, the first reference to the ‘Kuki’ was made in 1777 when this tribesmen attack the British subjects in Chittagong when Warren Hastings was the Governor General of Bengal. In Manipur Sir James Johnstone, the Political Agent of Manipur in 1877-1886 writes in his book Manipur and the Naga Hills that  ‘Kukis’ were first heard in Manipur, between 1830 and 1840. The influx of Kukis in Manipur during the 19th century created a lot of ethnic tension and administrative problem for the state. The inter-ethnic relation between the Meitei-Naga and Kukis underwent change with the influx of Kukis in 19th century and the settlement of Kukis migrants in the hills of Manipur adjacent to the Naga villages. BC Allan in his celebrated book, Naga Hills and Manipur writes that “ by 1845 the British administration in Manipur faced problems when the Kukis began to come in great numbers and started to ‘drive away’ many of the older inhabitant.”

Kaka D. Iralu

In a recent interview by an Indian T.V. News Channel, I was asked the question: “Now with the NSCN IM- GOI talks having given up the issue of Naga integration under one political entity, will the Naga integration issue become just a dream for the future?” My immediate reply was: “Naga integration under one political entity is not a future dream but a living reality that has been going on for the past more than 2000 years.” Now, what I meant by what I said, are based on the following facts.

The image of all Nagas sitting in their respective kitchens feasting on dead fishes preserved in formalin for the past 30 plus years has not been able to leave my mind since I read the papers this morning. And here, I say “all Nagas”, because even in the most interior villages, I have seen villagers relishing Pankaj, the non-local fish, which had mostly been supplied from outside for all these years. I have also often thought how this fish suddenly made its appearance in Nagaland after so many years, because we never saw this species in our markets till the late 1980’s.
Bill hi kapa chitharan kaphungnaowui ngalei kala lansinli haklak eina  saza kapai khalei khamataia provision chiya section 15 (3) “The local Authority” da kapikahai hiwui kakhalatva Village Authority kala District Councilna marketing sakhavai wuivang Ngalei zimiksho 7 (shinithang) wui lungli ngaranmi phalungra. Kalikha Village Authority kala District councilna Ngalei mamirarkha Deputy Commissionerna ngalei kala building chi Marketing Committeeli mikahaora. Chieina kaphungwui ngalei kala building hi DC na awui ningkhan eina Govt. li mihai kapaiwui pangshap hiya arbitrary salak kahai kala michang salak kahaiya sectionna.
The manipulations of our origin that is clearly being attempted by Hidutva is the declaration that “The Christians in India are children of Ram,” by Sadhvi Niranjan Jyoti, Union Minister of State for Food Processing Industries. She, a BJP MP of Fatehpur (UP) adopted deceptive tactics in her attempt to misinterpret the identity of non-Hindus including Nagas. Nagas belong to the Mongolian race and have nothing to do with Ram historically, religiously or in any other way. The so-called Ghar Wapsi or “homecoming” conversion melas or uniform civil codes do not arise in the case of Nagas, including Gaidinliu’s Heraka.
With the changing ambience in domestic politics and foreign positioning of India, it is important to take a closer look at new developments in the Northeast region. The ‘Act East Policy’ (AEP) is an integral part of this new changing climate in the region. Northeast is not just a gateway to South East Asia but is an extended corridor for growth, progress and prosperity of India. Northeast region, particularly Manipur is a physical and strategic partner of India’s AEP while enhancing connectivity by land, air and sea to transforms corridors of connectivity into corridors of economic cooperation.
Reams have been written about the Framework Agreement signed on August 3, 2015 between Union government and the National Socialist Council of Nagalim (Isak-Muivah), or NSCN-IM. The agreement has raised expectations among the Naga people but also apprehension in neighbouring Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur, and rightly so. States that have been created after due consideration of a number of factors and their geographical boundaries clearly mapped out can hardly be expected to take kindly to any attempt at rearranging those boundaries. But let’s look at whether this is the only sticking point or if there are issues too — between the protagonists of the Naga peace talks, the NSCN-IM, and Delhi.
The protracted Indo-Naga peace-talk is a dear issue the Nagas are sincerely praying for. The signing of the Framework Agreement on 3rd August, 2015 has brought a ray of hope for an amicable settlement. The talks being held at the highest level and looking at the current situation, we believe that the two governments are serious. We bestow our trust to the people on the negotiating table and meantime pray for the Godly wisdom to prevail.
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